INSPIRE INSpiring Pressure gain combustion Integration, Research, and Education

ESR 4

Introduction and contact info:

Name: Maria Clara de Jesus Vieira

Work address: ENSMA Teleport 2, 1 avenue Clement Ader

BP 40109

email: mariaclarajvieira@gmail.com

PhD project:

Title: Experimental characterization of ignition events in CVC like conditions, WP2

Short description: To experimentally investigate the different phenomena involved in the ignition stage in a CVC application. For this purpose, a lab-scale facility will be used to allow for the separation of the various contributions as much as possible. The setup will allow a well-controlled flow, with the possibility to vary the mean velocity and turbulent scale. Both energy and power effects of the ignition system on the ignition process will be studied. Starting from propane/air gas mixtures, the effect of heavier fuels, representative of kerosene, and hydrogen can be analysed. Finally, the effect of dilution by synthetic, cold-burned gas will also be investigated. The activity will take advantage by the direct exchange of information with ESR7, who works on a similar topic for the RDC technology.

Supervisor: Prof. Julien Sotton, Prof. Marc Bellenoue and Assoc. Prof. Camille Strozzi

Mentor

Planned secondments: 

3 months at TUB (M11-M13) to compare the two different PGC technologies in terms of ignition, 3 months at UC to compare ignition process on different combustor geometry (M26-M28)

Background: 

My degree in Mechanical Engineering at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro was completed in January 2019. During the course, I participated in the Baja team for two years. I carried out my Mechanical Engineering Graduation supervised by Prof. Luís Fernando Figueira da Silva and Dr. Fernando de Souza Costa, from the National Institute for Space Research (INPE – Brazil). The study has characterized the instabilities in solid propellant rocket engines, thus expanding the contents covered in the disciplines of the undergraduate course. I started my research activities with a master’s degree in mechanical engineering at PUC-Rio in August 2019. My research deals with the experimental study of the flame flashback process in hydrocarbons (methane or propane) diluted by CO2 and air. The correct description and prediction of the situations in which the flame flashback may occur is of crucial importance for the safety of several industrial processes, in particular those of the oil and gas industry. With a full scholarship from FM Global, I presented the preliminary results at the 1st Asia-Pacific Combustion Institute Summer School (Chile, 2019), where I obtained the second-place award for a poster presentation. I also won a full scholarship and presented this work at the KAUST Research Conference: Transition to Low Carbon Mobility (Saudi Arabia, 2020). The results obtained also led to the writing of an article “Determination of the CO2 and N2 dilution influence on flame flashback limits of methane and propane combustible mixtures” published at ENCIT 2020 (18th Brazilian Congress of Thermal Sciences and Engineering). 

Personal interests: 

https://inspire.cerfacs.fr/en/esr-4/

Research highlights:

(include some highlights of the obtained results during the PhD project, including figures and links to external repository, TO BE UPDATED EAVERY 6 MONTHS)

ESR1: Constant volume combustion and its reduced order model - ENSMA (FR), Supervisor: Prof. M. Bellenoue
ESR2: Experimental investigation of an industrial constant volume combustion system - SAFRAN Tech (FR), Supervisors: Dr D. Mejia
ESR3: Simulation of CVC combustor - CERFACS (FR), Supervisors: Prof. T. Poinsot)
ESR4: Experimental characterization of ignition events in CVC like conditions - ENSMA (FR), Supervisor: Prof. J. Sotton
ESR5: Control and impact of RDC wave direction - TUB (DE), Supervisors: Prof. M. Bohon and Prof. C. O. Paschereit
ESR6: LES of flow and combustion in a rotating detonation engine coupled to a turbine - CERFACS (FR), Supervisor: Prof. T. Poinsot
ESR7: Experimental investigation of rotating detonation combustors including ignition processes and turbine-integration effects - TUB (DE), Supervisors: Prof. M. Bohon and Prof. C. O. Paschereit
ESR8: Computational aeroacoustics of the exhaust flow for noise assessment and control - KTH (SE), Supervisor: Prof. M. Mihaescu
ESR9: Deflagration-Autoignition-Detonation transition - TUB (DE), Supervisor: Prof. N. Djordjevic
ESR10: Numerical modelling and optimization of cooling solutions for PGC concepts - UNIFI (IT), Supervisor: Prof. A. Andreini
ESR11: Experimental study of cooling solutions for PGC concepts - UNIFI (IT), Supervisor: Prof. B. Facchin
ESR12: Unsteady numerical simulation of the interaction between pressure-gain combustors and high-pressure turbine stages - POLITO (IT), Supervisors: Prof. D. A. Misul and Dr. S. Salvadori
ESR13: PGC power plant analysis and cycle thermo-economic optimization - UNIGE (IT), Supervisor: Prof. A. Sorce
ESR14: PGC propulsion application with part load and dynamic analysis - UNIGE (IT), Supervisor: Prof. A. Traverso)
ESR15: Full gas dynamic and exergetic analysis of PGC cycles with rotating detonations - TUB (DE), Supervisor: Prof. P. Stathopoulos